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Corals and Gorgonians

Corals

Brown Cup Coral

Paracyathus stearnsi

       
(1: Monterey State Beach, Monterey / 2-8: San Carlos Beach, Monterey)

Fluoresces under blue light:
 
(1-2: San Carlos Beach, Monterey)


Colonial Cup Coral

Coenocyathus bowersi

     
(1-2: Black Rock, Santa Catalina Island / 3: Coral Gardens, San Clemente Island / 4-5: Seal Cove, San Clemente Island / 6: Arch Point, Santa Barbara Island)


Cup Coral

Astrangia lajollaensis

    
(1-5: San Carlos Beach, Monterey)

Similar to orange cup coral, but yellower.

Fluoresces under blue light:
   
(1-4: San Carlos Beach, Monterey)


Octocoral

Alcyonium rudyi

  
(1: Starlight, Santa Catalina Island / 2-3: Whaler's Cove, Point Lobos)


Orange Cup Coral

Balanophyllia elegans

       
(1-4,6-8: San Carlos Beach, Monterey / 5: Whaler's Cove, Point Lobos)

These fluoresce under UV light:

(1: San Carlos Beach, Monterey)

This one is unusually yellow:

(1: San Carlos Beach, Monterey)


Yellow Zoanthid

Epizoanthus scotinus

  
(1-3: Ship Rock, Santa Catalina Island)


Gorgonians

Brown Gorgonian

Muricea fruticosa

   
(1-2: Black Rock, Santa Catalina Island/ 3: Indian Rock, Santa Catalina Island / 4: Ship Rock, Santa Catalina Island)


California Golden Gorgonian

Muricea californica

       
(1: Starlight, Santa Catalina Island/ 2-3: Black Rock, Santa Catalina Island / 4: Coral Gardens, San Clemente Island / 5-7: Seal Cove, San Clemente Island / 8: Ship Rock, Santa Catalina Island)

Closeup of polyps:
(1: Ship Rock, Santa Catalina Island)


Purple Gorgonian

Eugorgia rubens

(1: Eel Point, San Clemente Island)


Red Gorgonian

Leptogorgia chilensis

    
(1: Coral Gardens, San Clemente Island / 2: Sutil Island, Santa Barbara Island / 3-4: Flame Reef, Santa Cruz Island / 5: Arch Point, Santa Barbara Island)


Other Colonial Cnidarians

White Sea Pen

Stylatula elongata

       
(1-8: San Carlos Beach, Monterey)

If you look very closely at a sea pen, you can see it's made up of a zillion little 8-armed hydras:
      
(1-7: San Carlos Beach, Monterey)