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Triggerfishes and Filefishes

Triggerfishes

Black Triggerfish

(aka Black Durgon)
Melichthys niger

       
Schools of black triggerfish frequently swim around under dive boats.

(1: Kahalu'u Beach Park, Kona / 2: Garbonzo's Lair, Molokini / 3: Inner Crater, Molokini / 4: Garden Eel Cove, Kona / 5: Hoover's, Kona / 6: Kua Bay, Kona / 7-8: Turtle Canyons, Oahu)


Bridled Triggerfish

Sufflamen fraenatus

   
(1: Reef's End, Molokini / 2: Harbor Ledges, Kauai / 3: Tortugas, Kauai / 4: Dog Beach, Kona)


Finescale Triggerfish

Balistes polylepis

    
(1-3: Golden Arches, Kona / 4: Dog Beach, Kona / 5: Turtle Heaven, Kona)

Note the triggerfish tending to its nest in the 3rd photo.


Gilded Triggerfish

Xanthichthys auromarginatus

       
(1: Enenue, Molokini / 2-3,6-7: Reef's End, Molokini / 4: Lighthouse, Lanai / 5: End of the World, Molokini / 8: Turtle Heaven, Kona)


Lagoon Triggerfish

Rhinecanthus aculeatus

  
(1: Two Step, Kona / 2-3: Kahalu'u Beach Park, Kona)


Lei Triggerfish

Sufflamen bursa

       
(1: Hoover's, Kona / 2: Kanaka Nui, Kauai / 3: Horseshoe Reef, Oahu / 4: Olowalu, Maui / 5: Mala Pier, Maui / 6: Lip Service, Kauai / 7-8: Dog Beach, Kona)


Pinktail Triggerfish

Melichthys vidua

       
(1Enenue, Molokini / 2: Pentagon, Kona / 3: Sheraton Caverns, Kauai / 4: Garden Eel Cove, Kona / 5: First Cathedral, Lanai / 6: Hale O Honu, Kauai / 7: Pine Trees Point, Kona / 8: The Dome, Kona)


Wedgetail Triggerfish

(aka Picasso Triggerfish, Reef Triggerfish)
Rhinecanthus rectangulus

       
(1,7-8: Black Rock, Maui / 2: Kamaole Beach Park III, Maui / 3-4: Kahalu'u Beach Park, Kona / 5-6: Turtle Canyons, Oahu)

Common in shallow water, at snorkeling depths.


Filefishes

Barred Filefish

Cantherhines dumerilii

       
(1: Reef's End, Molokini / 2: Inner Crater, Molokini / 3: Golden Arches, Kona / 4: Pentagon, Kona / 5: Three Fingers, Kauai / 6: Garden Eel Cove, Kona / 7: Koko Craters, Oahu / 8: Dog Beach, Kona)

They raise their dorsal fins to wedge themselves into crevices.  Also when threatened; it's the middle finger of the fish world.  Females have black tails.


Hawaiian Fantail Filefish

Pervagor spilosoma

       
(1-3: Horseshoe Reef, Oahu / 4-7: Koko Craters, Oahu / 8: Mala Pier, Maui)


Scrawled Filefish

Aluterus scriptus

      
(1: Pawai, Kona / 2-3,5: Sheraton Caverns, Kauai / 4: First Cathedral, Lanai / 6-7: Dog Beach, Kona)


Shy Filefish

Cantherhines verecundus

(1: Sea Tiger, Oahu)


Yellowtail Filefish

Pervagor aspricaudus

(1: Black Rock, Maui)